Kamis, 28 April 2011

manugal in image







Daily Tabengan, Manugal the traditional way, not a new thing for the people of Central Kalimantan. The tradition of growing rice that is made by using wooden spears as a tool to make holes in the ground that the seed was planted, up to now is still a mainstay.
Although the branches and twigs scattered, Lowis and some family members do not care. He continued to walk, with a slight bend and move backward. The right hand while holding the blade Portugal numbuk ground-pounding, while the left hand insert seeds into the hole. Seeds were then dumped, in the hope of growing faster. Lowis are citizens who live Puruk Cahu farm on the outskirts of the provincial road-Muara Teweh Puruk Cahu Km28. Manugal a habit to plant rice after the burning land. It's already done their ancestors for generations. Lowis said, for inland communities, manugal often done together other planters in a way to help each other in turn. The hope, in order to grow rice quickly completed. Manugal in this mutual help other terms habaring hurung, in Ngaju handep Dayak language. In the area of the garden with an area of about one hectare, the Lowis manugal along with seven members of his family. With the number of people that much, their fastest time-consuming for a week. But, if that manugal numerous or about 20 people, will be completed in just one day. Lowis says, is a type of rice planted paddy village (Unus) mixed grains like seeds of cucumber, and tomato seeds. After the rice is finished ditugal Unus, continued to plant rice or glutinous lakatan in place which has been prepared. In one hectare of land, usually spend paung (seed), rice as much as two cans of the size of 15kg or 10 bushels. Farmers or planters usually estimate the size of the number of seeds that will be used from the land area. In addition, to avoid crop failure, in rural areas are usually already know when to start the burning of the field and when it will start growing rice. "If manugal on month 10 (October), next year should also be the same month," he said. According Lowis, their income is very dependent on the natural conditions. Due to erratic weather conditions lately, it only takes two days to do the burning heat, so the land is not burned completely. Erratic weather will greatly affect the development of rice, since the penugalan until rice begins to mature. "If the rice nice and normal weather, eg rain in three days and three hot, then with a capital of 10 bushels will produce 200 bushels," he explained. Similarly, if the weather is uncertain, the signs of crop failure will appear in the rice. Flowers rice will fall little by little, if rice will cook a lot does not contain. "Another advantage gardening, rarely burn after infestation of pests, diseases only concern is the weather," said Lowis. Other factors that also determine the yield of paddy, if imperfect land burned burned the rice growth is also rather slow. Rice gardens rely on combustion for wood harvested is believed to contain menuyuburkan fertilizer for rice. Lowis said the rice will be harvested after the age of six months, then digetem rice (harvested) using kentu or gentu (traditional knife), while for the cleaning done by memihik (split between rice straw and rice). Then to separate the apis (broken rice) was also done in the traditional way using a fan made of wood. Lowis County Government hopes (Pemkab) Joyless Kingdom provide relief or exemption to citizens who depend living from farming, because it has become a tradition passed down through generations and maintained. Burning of land for gardening does not need to happen arrest by the police, causing fear in the community. "We also ask the law enforcement officers in order to assess carefully what gardening what is not, must not arrested," he added. Bambang Hermanto







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