Rabu, 05 Januari 2011

THE DYNAMICS OF CULTURAL INTEREST Dayak Ngaju


 


Ngaju Dayak tribe is one of the largest tribes who inhabited the island of Borneo. Ngaju Dayak tribe has 4 tribes and 90 tribal sedatuk sefamili. The tribes are either ethnic or tribal sedatuk sefamili, each with its own language derahnya respectively.
Ngaju mean hicks. This is probably because the Dayak tribe occupies Ngaju river area in the backwoods than the other Dayak tribes. Dayak tribe inhabiting Ngaju sepanjangan Kapuas river basin, river Kahayan, even now many who inhabit the city of Palangkaraya and the city of Banjarmasin.
The Dayak tribe Ngaju is advanced that spread in the area of South Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan. In general society Ngaju Dayak tribes embraced Christianity by Protestant missionaries who brought in Zending Barmen and Basel. But there is also still holds the genuine belief that Kaharingan Dayak tribes (Hindu Kaharingan) and there is also a Catholic who converted to Christianity and Islam.
Centre for the Dayak tribe peradapan progress or there Ngaju cities:1. Banjarmasin (South Kalimantan provincial capital)2. Kuala Kapuas (the capital of the Kapuas district, on the Kapuas river aliaran)3. Mandomai (capital district of West Kapuas Kapuas district, on the Kapuas river flow)4. Kuala Period (the district capital of Gunung Mas, the river flow Kahayan)5. Tewah (Tewah the subdistrict, district, Gunung Mas, the flow Kahajan)6. Pangkoh
Society Ngaju Dayak tribe in this area many young people who continue their education to higher levels, from senior high school level, SGA, and even some to the college throughout Indonesia to overseas though.
SYSTEM OF RELIGIOUS / BELIEF
Religious system of the Dayak community in general and in particular Ngaju Dayak tribe is the belief that belief in the Almighty God who creates, controls and maintains the universe along with its contents
In ancient times, people of Dayak religion or Kaharingan Helu. Kaharingan Religion is one of the ethnic religions in the archipelago, which currently has received recognition from Pemerinta Indonesia as a religion, Hinduism Kaharingan. But this has not been known and recognized by many other communities in Indonesia, and many were mistaken to think that religion Kaharingan as religious infidels and idolaters. In its development, Kaharingan also in touch with other major religions in Indonesia but the Dayak indigenous traditions are still very strong in the implementation of their religious rituals.
Religion Kaharingan or Helu is a genuine belief Dayak tribe originating from the word meaning life herring. According to the beliefs of religious adherents Kaharingan, Kaharingan not starting from a certain era, but since the beginning of creation, since God created man called Ranying Hatalla. Ranying means Maha Singh, Supreme Court, Supreme Majesty, Most Honest, Most Righteous, omnipotent, omniscient, Glory, Compassionate and Merciful, Supreme Justice, Supreme and Supreme Eternal Listener. Hatalla means the Supreme Creator.
In colonial times, both the Dutch colonial period mapun Japan, the development of confidence Kaharingan much pressure and hambaran. The presence of contradictions and the colonial experience heartache in to still have an impact until now and still feel is also experienced by the Dayaks.
The colonists at this time do not want to understand the beliefs embraced by the Dayaks. Clearly the colonists declared religions who worship the Helu or Kaharingan Ranying Hattala with pure, innocent, natural and what is in accordance with the natural situation, understanding and ways of thinking Dayak tribe, as a pagan religion, religion Heiden, pagan, and various other charges. but despite the accusations and insults of the invaders, they still allow the Dayak separately perform traditional ceremonies which they must perform.
Then Christianity began to enter carried by the institutions that are Zending missionaries throughout the island of Borneo. With a business approach to a long and slowly but surely, the Dayak people began to open up and interested in the belief introduced by Zending. Then, out of curiosity large then many Dayak people who learn about the Christian doctrine and eventually converted to Christianity.Dayak people who embraced Christianity obliged to throw away his old life and break with old customs and traditions of the tribe, whatever berhubunfan with their own native culture that has been handed down, whether positive or negative should be left away. This is the cause of the Dayaks who converted to Christianity from the next generation no longer know the culture and their origins are thick. However, the current development of the younger generation who continue their education and live in perantaua start looking for the origin of the loss of his ancestral culture.
Then, when the religion of Islam developed in other parts of Indonesia, the Islamic religion entered the island of Borneo. Dayak people who later converted to Islam with officially declared himself as the Malays, since colonial times. Everything related to the origin of his tribe was not heard from again, although indirectly in mind they still feel the Dayak tribe. In general, ethnic Malay and Dayak tribe separately kerana due to belief systems and social interaction.
Around know 1967's, in Central Kalimantan, Dayak people who profess Kaharingan only some 30% and the rest embraced Protestant Christianity, Catholicism and Islam.
Isen Mulang Petehku
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