Minggu, 07 November 2010

Exploration and Characterization of Orchid Plants in Central Kalimantan


  • Exploration and Characterization of Orchid Plants in Central Kalimantan



  • M. Sabran, A. Krismawati, Y.R. Galingging, and M.A. Firmansyah
  • Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology, South Kalimantan


  • ABSTRACT
  • Economic value commodities that are commonly found in
  • Central Kalimantan is the orchid. Various species of orchids
  • rare numerous in primary forest in Central Kalimantan.
  • Rare orchids are often hunted by people who have
  • hobby of collecting various types of orchids. Existence
  • forest exploitation and timber industry is increasing
  • and the opening of forests to plantations and settlements
  • transmigration, the species of this rare orchid
  • feared to be extinct. To protect the orchid species
  • endangered needed exploration and
  • characterization with the objective to preserve the species of orchids
  • from Central Kalimantan. From the collected results of this activity
  • ex situ orchid plants as much as 30 accessions.
  • Keywords: Orchid, exploration, ex situ conservation.

  • INTRODUCTION
  • Ornamental plants are important throughout
  • history of human civilization. Since the first plant
  • ornamental widely used to express
  • feelings as well as ingredients to add
  • beauty of the environment. Various tribes in Asia,
  • Africa, and Latin America still preserve customs
  • the use of ornamental plants to brighten
  • traditional ceremonies, religious, and celebration days
  • national large. At present, when life
  • people began to settle, the use of ornamental plants
  • become popular (Hasim and Reza 1995).
  • One of the important ornamental plant species in the world
  • is the orchid. According to botanists, the world's
  • there are more than 30,000 species of orchids. In
  • Indonesia, estimated orchid germplasm
  • more than 5000 species (Rukmana 2000), approximately 80%
  • genera and species of orchids are in the area
  • Asean (Amiarsi et al., 1996).
  • Orchids of the family Orchidaceae are
  • one of the many flowering plants scattered
  • and diverse in the world. Members of this tribe
  • can be found worldwide, except plain
  • dry sand and the area which is always closed
  • snow. Orchid species found in the world ranges
  • between 17000-35000. Contribute Indonesian orchids
  • orchids in the world big enough repertoire. From
  • 20 000 species of orchids are scattered throughout
  • world, 6,000 of which are in Indonesian jungle
  • (Widiastoety et al., 1998; Sandra 2002).
  • Orchid is an ornamental plant that has
  • high aesthetic value. Shape and color of flowers
  • and other characteristics unique to
  • special attraction of this ornamental plant species
  • so much in demand by consumers, both in
  • domestic and foreign. The preferred Orchid
  • is in the form of cut flowers and plants
  • pot.
  • Kalimantan is the third largest island
  • in the world. The island is considered as an island
  • fruits but could also be described as an island
  • orchids. Lamb (1991) in Chan et al. (1994)
  • has been estimated that 2500-3000 species of orchids
  • found in Borneo, or 75% of plants
  • Malesian orchids. From this figure, 30-40% in
  • among them are thought to be endemic in the island
  • this. According to Wood and Cribb in Chan et al.
  • (1994) recorded more than 1,400 types of orchids have
  • Kalimantan



  • REFERENCES
  • Amiarsi, D., Syaifullah, and Yulianingsih. 1996. Composition
  • soaking solution is best for orchids
  • Dendrobium cut Sovia Deep Pink. J.
  • Horticulture 9 (1) :45-50.
  • Chan, C.L., A. Lamb, P.S. Shim, and J.J. Wood. 1994.
  • Orchid of Borneo Vol I: Introduction and Selection
  • of taxa. The Sabah Society.
  • Hasim, I. and M. Reza. 1995. Chrysanthemum. PT the groups.
  • Jakarta. pp. 31-42.
  • Holttum, R.E. 1957. A revised flora of Malaya Vol I:
  • Orchids of Malaya Government Printing Office.
  • Singapore.
  • Rukmana, R. 2000. Orchid cultivation months. Publisher
  • Canisius. Yogyakarta. pp. 90-10.
  • Sandra E. 2002. Make a diligent flowering orchids. Agro
  • Media Library. pp. 1-2.
  • Widiastoety, D., N. Solvia, and Syafni. 1998. Embryo culture
  • in Dendrobium orchid. J. Horticulture 7 (4): 860 -
  • 868.

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  • image from link blogspot : JUPRIYANTO Kuala Kapuas Kalteng


  • iiiimage deskripsion : 

  • MENTANGAI "(which is the dominant character of whiteness) of this title that we give for our plants. Mentangai is the name of the City in Central Kalimantan, because according to information that an orchid is a native of Central Kalimantan. Orchid is able to survive up to three months, and when it fertile in a single flowering stem to more than three flower stalks, like the one in one of these photos. All private collections, this orchid likes and likes the morning sun and afternoon shade during the day. We treat our plants very carefully, although I think this is a plant that attacks stubborn resistance when compared to orchids months. mentangai addition we also collect type of dendrobium orchids, tiger orchids (sugar cane), orchids months. But ..., this is all still learning stage, so still need to touch the hands and knowledge of a more professional touch.
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